About the Wholesale Electricity Market (WEM)
- The South West Interconnected System (SWIS) incorporates over 7,800 km of transmission lines.
- The WEM supplies about 18 terawatt hours of electricity each year.
- A total of $500 million was transacted in 2014-15.
- There are more than one million customers in the WEM.
- 5,798MW of registered generation capacity, including 513 MW of non-scheduled generation.
The Wholesale Electricity Market (WEM) for the South West Interconnected System of Western Australia (SWIS) commenced operation on 21 September 2006.
The WEM aims to facilitate competition and private investment, and allow generators and wholesale purchasers of electricity (such as retailers) greater flexibility as to how they sell or procure electricity, and who they transact with.
Other entities that play a role in the oversight and administration of the WEM are:
- The Minister for Energy, who established the initial WEM Rules, approves proposed changes to Protected Provisions in the Market Rules and has the ability to make amending rules;
- Energy Policy WA, which provides a range of services on energy matters to the Minister for Energy, the Western Australian Government, the energy sector and the Western Australian community;
- The Economic Regulation Authority, which performs regulatory and market surveillance roles and monitors and enforces compliance with the WEM Rules;
- The independent Rule Change Panel which undertakes the administration and decision-making functions for changes to the WEM Rules; and
- The Electricity Review Board which acts as an adjudicator for appeals.
The WEM rules establish that the objectives of the WEM are to:
- Promote the economically efficient, safe and reliable production and supply of electricity and electricity-related services in the SWIS.
- Encourage competition among generators and retailers in the SWIS, including by facilitating efficient entry of new competitors.
- Avoid discrimination in that market against particular energy options and technologies, including sustainable energy options and technologies such as those that make use of renewable resources or that reduce overall greenhouse gas emissions.
- Minimise the long-term cost of electricity supplied to customers from the SWIS.
- Encourage the taking of measures to manage the amount of electricity used and when it is used.
The Rule Change Panel is responsible for the administration and decision-making functions for changes to the WEM Rules.
The following information regarding associated WEM Rule administration processes is available from the Energy Policy WA’s website:
- an overview of the rule change process;
- details and relevant documentation for all Rule Change Proposals that are under consideration or have been considered by the Rule Change Panel or the IMO;
- instructions on proposing a rule change, including the Rule Change Proposal Forms; and
- various public reports related to consultations issued by the Rule Change Panel or the IMO.
The WEM Rules, which establish the structure and processes that constitute the WEM, were developed by the Office of Energy (now known as Energy policy WA), with substantial support from a number of expert teams comprising industry and Government representatives.
The design for the WEM comprises a wholesale electricity trading component and a capacity component. The WEM Design Summary explains the design in detail.